nextGEN International Scholars Anti-Discrimination (ISAD) Open Letter

The following open letter was written by the nextGEN community and distributed on October 15, 2019:

Dear Scholars in Rhetoric, Composition, Literacy, and Technical and Professional Communication:

The members of nextGEN—an advocacy community for graduate students and those who actively support graduate students—would like to draw attention to discriminatory hiring processes against international graduate scholars on the job market. 

U.S. higher education institutions state their support for diversity, equity, and inclusion. At the same time, some of these universities are bound or seem to be bound by hiring restrictions that hamper their ability to align job market practices with these commitments. Because the fields of rhetoric, composition, literacy, and technical and professional communication express commitment to social justice, we hope to raise the attention of hiring committees to the constraining nature of posting jobs with requirements such as “US citizens only” or “legal residents only.” Since citizenship requirements restrict international scholars from being potential candidates for job openings, such requirements cause economic difficulty and harm for international applicants, while also contributing to a cultural climate that is hostile to immigrants. 

Some institutions also exclude international scholars through the online application requirement to indicate whether applicants would need work visa sponsorship. We understand that institutions often collect such data for statistical purposes, some of which are to ensure principled job market practices that extend from a university’s and search committee’s commitment to inclusive hiring (practices as expressed in CCCC Best Practices for Hiring International Candidates). However, the experiences of some international graduate scholars—experiences in which universities have an inflexible, unstated policy to not sponsor work visas and have consequently withdrawn job offers—gives us reason to question claimed inclusive hiring practices. 

Of course, there are HR rules and regulations that may be beyond the understanding and/or control of search committees. We recognize these frustrating constraints—constraints that can seriously hamper the ability to align job market practices with our commitments to equity and justice. At the same time, we must do whatever we can to uphold our principles against injustice. 

In a field that prides itself on its commitments to social and racial justice, we find these institutionalized barriers to international scholar employment alarming, and we hope members of hiring/search committees will feel the same. It is for this reason that we seek support from all concerned scholars to understand that such barriers not only exist in hiring, but also present us with the challenge to live up to our expressed commitments and principles by identifying, resisting, and dismantling these structures of injustice. After all, with these hiring barriers against international scholars, institutions systematically sustain intersectional oppression against already marginalized scholars.

We, the members of nextGEN, therefore call for all scholars (who serve as search committee chairs, members, and beyond) to advocate for international scholars and against discriminatory policies impacting them

We understand that many faculty and search committees might not be fully aware of the extent to which international graduate scholars already experience emotional, psychological, and intellectual burdens. Neither do they aim to take part in a discriminatory hiring process based on nationality and citizenship status. We also hold firm to the belief and hope that a coalitional network of scholars at various stages in their careers can and will rise to the challenge of injustice and raise awareness of this serious problem to members in their local institutions, departments, programs, and search committees. To help build this coalition and its power, we offer some resources for understanding the financial context in employing international scholars as well as other resources for inclusive hiring. We hope the following resources could be useful as guidelines, reminders, and advocacy documents for faculty, administrators, and hiring committees to take up, circulate, and implement within their home institutions:  

  1. CCCC Policy:
  2. USCIS Page: 
  3. Kristen Moore’s Inclusive Interview:
  4. Example of a University Policy:

With all this in mind, we call for coalitional action initiated by the rhetoric and composition, writing studies, and technical/professional communication community. We call for faculty, scholars, organizations, and other various collectives to find and implement mechanisms of pressure on and advocate at departmental and institutional levels. We call for advocacy in pursuit of the rightful diversity and inclusion that is necessary in academia.


In the end, we believe that individuals, organizations, and institutions committed to diversity, equity, and inclusion will reject border walls in all forms. 

In Hope & Solidarity,


Endorsements of Coalitional Action

  1. Sweta Baniya, Purdue University
  2. Kyle Larson, Miami University
  3. Cana Uluak Itchuaqiyaq, Utah State University 
  4. Katelyn Lusher, University of Cincinnati
  5. Nupoor Ranade, North Carolina State University
  6. Kayla A. Sparks, Texas Christian University
  7. Estee Beck, The University of Texas at Arlington
  8. Asao B. Inoue, Arizona State University
  9. Steve Parks, University of Virginia
  10. Coalition of Feminist Scholars in the History of Rhetoric and Composition, Advisory Board
  11. Women in Technical Communication, steering committee
  12. Digital Black Lit and Composition (DBLAC)
  13. The WPA-L Reimagining Working Group
  14. Eileen E. Schell, Syracuse University
  15. Linh Dich, Miami University
  16. Salma Kalim, Miami University
  17. Gavin P. Johnson, The Ohio State University 
  18. Bibhushana Poudyal, The University of Texas at El Paso
  19. Katherine Randall, Virginia Tech
  20. Daniel Hocutt, University of Richmond
  21. Veronica House, University of Colorado Boulder
  22. Virginia Schwarz, University of Wisconsin Madison
  23. Krystin Gollihue, Georgia Institute of Technology
  24. Pritisha Shrestha, Syracuse University 
  25. Iswari Pandey, California State University, Northridge 
  26. Bo Wang, California State University, Fresno
  27. Shyam B. Pandey, Purdue University
  28. Rachelle A.C. Joplin, University of Houston
  29. Kailyn Shartel Hall, Purdue University 
  30. Abbie Levesque, Northeastern University
  31. Cara Marta Messina, Northeastern University
  32. Jason Tham, Texas Tech University 
  33. Whitney Lew James, Texas Christian University
  34. Bailey Poland, Bowling Green State University
  35. Jason Collins, The Ohio State University 
  36. Chen Chen, Winthrop University
  37. Gabrielle Kelenyi, University of Wisconsin-Madison
  38. Savannah Paige Murray, Virginia Tech
  39. Lauren Brentnell, University of Northern Colorado
  40. Les Hutchinson, Boise State University
  41. Kelli Gill, Texas Christian University
  42. Ashanka Kumari, Texas A&M University - Commerce
  43. Will Chesher, Ball State University 
  44. Charles Woods, Illinois State University
  45. Megan Schoettler, Miami University of Ohio
  46. Ryan McCarty, University of Michigan
  47. Suban Nur Cooley, Michigan State University
  48. Matthew Homer, Virginia Tech
  49. Kefaya Diab, Indiana University  
  50. James Eubanks, University of Alabama
  51. Vyshali Manivannan, Rutgers University
  52. Amanda Presswood,  Florida State University
  53. Kyle Stedman, Rockford University
  54. Halcyon Lawrence, Towson University
  55. Daniel Floyd, University of Cincinnati
  56. Sara Doan, Kennesaw State University
  57. Lauren Cagle, University of Kentucky
  58. Kristen Wheaton, Idaho State University
  59. Saveena Veeramoothoo, University of Minnesota
  60. Liz Miller, The Ohio State University
  61. Chad Iwertz Duffy, Bowling Green State University
  62. Wilfredo Flores, Michigan State University
  63. Cassandra Goff, University of Utah 
  64. Allison Dziuba, University of California, Irvine
  65. Hillary Weiss, Wayne State University
  66. Ryan M. Murphy, Purdue University 
  67. Kate Highfill, University of Houston
  68. Jason Markins, Syracuse University
  69. Ruth Osorio, Old Dominion University
  70. Sarah Snyder, Arizona Western College
  71. Jacqueline Schiappa, University of Minnesota
  72. Santosh Khadka, California State University Northridge 
  73. Victoria L. Braegger, Purdue University
  74. Jennifer Nish, Texas Tech University
  75. Kevin Brock, University of South Carolina Columbia
  76. Shyam Sharma, Stony Brook University, New York
  77. Alison Cardinal, University of Washington Tacoma
  78. Clancy Ratliff, University of Louisiana at Lafayette
  79. Bernice Olivas, Salt Lake Community College
  80. Maria Conti Maravillas, The University of Southern Mississippi
  81. Patricia Fancher, University of California Santa Barbara, CFSHRC Director of Outreach
  82. Joshua Barsczewski, University of Massachusetts Amherst
  83. Amy J. Wan, Queens College and the Graduate Center, CUNY
  84. Bridget Gelms, San Francisco State University
  85. Lindsey Macdonald, Purdue University
  86. Jenn Fishman, Marquette University
  87. Lisa Mastrangelo, Centen
  88. Angela M. Haas, Illinois State University
  89. Alexis Priestley, Virginia Tech
  90. Geoffrey Clegg, Midwestern State University
  91. Stephanie L. Kerschbaum, University of Delaware
  92. Jay McClintick, University of Arizona
  93. Phil Bratta, Oklahoma State University
  94. Manako Yabe, Building Healthcare Collectives
  95. Sara Kelm, Texas Christian University
  96. Cody Jackson, Texas Christian University
  97. Christina Rowell, Kent State University 
  98. Brooke Hotez, The University of Arizona
  99. Dana Comi, University of Kansas 
  100. Emma J. Rose, University of Washington Tacoma
  101. Jacqueline Rhodes, Michigan State University
  102. Alexandria Hanson, Syracuse University
  103. Audrey Hollis, Purdue University
  104. Caitlin Ray, University of Louisville
  105. Lauren Obermark, University of Missouri-St. Louis
  106. Melanie Yergeau, University of Michigan
  107. Megan Faver Hartline, Trinity College
  108. Lee W. Hibbard, Purdue University
  109. Kristin Arola, Michigan State University
  110. Charlotte Asmuth, University of Louisville
  111. Kristen R. Moore, University at Buffalo
  112. Marisa Pesa, University of Arizona
  113. Allegra W. Smith, Purdue University
  114. Eda Ozyesilpinar, The University of Texas at El Paso
  115. Amy Vidali, University of California, Santa Cruz
  116. J. Michael Rifenburg, University of North Georgia
  117. Melanie Kill, University of Maryland
  118. Keith Grant-Davie, Utah State University
  119. Jacob Richter, Clemson University
  120. Patricia Dunn, Stony Brook University
  121. Allison Hitt, Ball State University
  122. Marohang Limbu, Michigan State University
  123. Yeqing Kong, North Carolina State University
  124. Alonzo Smith, Texas Christian University. 
  125. Dana Aicha Shaaban, Texas Christian University
  126. Emily N. Smith, Penn State University
  127. Jason Helms, Texas Christian University
  128. Nathanael O’Reilly, Texas Christian University
  129. Brad Lucas, Texas Christian University
  130. Sean McCullough, Texas Christian University
  131. Jongkeyong Kim, Texas Christian University
  132. Patti Poblete, Henderson State University
  133. Verena Theile, North Dakota State University
  134. Staci M. Perryman-Clark, Western Michigan University 
  135. Nancy Bou Ayash, University of Washington
  136. Florianne Jimenez, University of Massachusetts Amherst
  137. Kate Vieira, University of Wisconsin, Madison
  138. Brice Nordquist, Syracuse University
  139. Dora Ramirez, Boise State University
  140. Jim Ridolfo, University of Kentucky
  141. Renee Ann Drouin, Bowling Green State University 
  142. Beck Wise, University of Queensland
  143. Hem Paudel, University of Iowa
  144. Eunjeong Lee, Queens College, City University of New York 
  145. Tony Silva, Purdue University
  146. Jessie Male, The Ohio State University
  147. Bruce Kovanen, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
  148. Kathleen Kryger, University of Arizona
  149. Jane Greer, University of Missouri, Kansas City
  150. Sharon Mitchler, Centralia College
  151. Caroline Gottschalk Druschke, University of Wisconsin-Madison
  152. Rebecca Lorimer Leonard, University of Massachusetts Amherst
  153. Seth Kahn, West Chester University of PA 
  154. Tony Cimasko, Miami University
  155. Tika Lamsal, University of San Francisco
  156. Jennifer Grouling, Ball State University
  157. Lisa Melonçon, University of South Florida
  158. Amelia Chesley, Northwestern State University of Louisiana
  159. Jason Palmeri, Miami University
  160. Ashok Bhusal, The University of Texas at El Paso
  161. Melissa Hannah, North Carolina State University
  162. Dustin Edwards, University of Central Florida
  163. Cristina Sanchez-Martin, Indiana University of Pennsylvania 
  164. Heather Listhartke, Miami University of Ohio
  165. Francis Macarthy, Jamestown Community College
  166. Patricia Sullivan, Purdue University
  167. Bruce Horner, University of Louisville
  168. Laura Gonzales, University of Florida
  169. Michele Simmons, Miami University
  170. Anita Long, Miami University
  171. Charlotte Hogg, Texas Christian University
  172. Josie Walwema, Oakland University 
  173. Timothy R. Dougherty, West Chester University of Pennsylvania
  174. Laurie McMillan, Pace University 
  175. Elizabeth Saur, University of California, Santa Barbara
  176. Samantha Clem, Utah State University
  177. Hillary Coenen, Midwestern State University
  178. Ana Roncero-Bellido, Gonzaga University 
  179. Laura Micciche, University of Cincinnati
  180. Natasha N. Jones, Michigan State University
  181. Kristina Lucenko, Stony Brook University 
  182. Heidi McKee, Miami University
  183. James E. Porter, Miami University
  184. Joy Santee, University of Southern Indiana
  185. Lisa King, University of Tennessee, Knoxville 
  186. Leigh Elion, Oxford College of Emory University
  187. Matthew Vetter, Indiana University of Pennsylvania
  188. Caleb L. González, The Ohio State University
  189. Daniel Libertz, University of Pittsburgh
  190. Michelle McMullin, North Carolina State University
  191. José Luis Cano, Texas Christian University
  192. Christa J. Olson, University of Wisconsin-Madison
  193. Christina V. Cedillo, University of Houston-Clear Lake
  194. Jordan Hayes, University of Pittsburgh
  195. Ana María Cortés Lagos, Syracuse University
  196. Amanda Sladek, University of Nebraska at Kearney
  197. Hua Zhu, Miami University
  198. Michael Trice, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
  199. Joshua Rea, University of South Florida
  200. Ehren Helmut Pflugfelder, Oregon State University
  201. Jeremy David Johnson, University of the Pacific
  202. Vanessa Kraemer Sohan, Florida International University
  203. James Chase Sanchez, Middlebury College
  204. Sreemoyee Dasgupta, University of Pittsburgh
  205. Sarah E. Austin, Texas Tech University 
  206. Candice Rai, University of Washington-Seattle
  207. Cruz Medina, Santa Clara University
  208. Sara Webb-Sunderhaus, Miami University
  209. Mara Lee Grayson, California State University, Dominguez Hills
  210. Jianfen Chen, Purdue University
  211. Sarah Mazun Stetson, University of Massachusetts Amherst
  212. Avery Edenfield, Utah State University
  213. Jordan Loveridge, Mount St. Mary’s University
  214. Rebecca Walton, Utah State University
  215. Megan McIntyre, Sonoma State University
  216. Nathan R. Johnson, University of South Florida
  217. Brian Hendrickson, Roger Williams University
  218. Chris Lindgren, Virginia Tech
  219. Mike Palmquist, Colorado State University
  220. Karin Evans, College of DuPage
  221. Adam Hubrig, University of Nebraska-Lincoln 
  222. Liza Potts, Michigan State University
  223. Margaret Price, Ohio State University
  224. Eric Lehman, University of Nevada, Reno
  225. Ryan Cheek, Utah State University
  226. Kylie Jacobsen, Grand Valley State University
  227. Jo Hsu, University of Arkansas
  228. Sarah Singer, University of Central Florida
  229. Amber Buck, University of Alabama
  230. Michael Martone, University of Alabama
  231. Stephanie Janania, Florida International University
  232. Jody Shipka, University of Maryland, Baltimore County
  233. Rebekah Sims, Purdue University
  234. Michelle F. Eble, East Carolina University
  235. Parva Panahi, Purdue University
  236. Dev Bose, University of Arizona
  237. Tiffany Rousculp, Salt Lake Community College
  238. Sara Movahedazarhouligh, University of Northern Colorado
  239. Silvia Correa-Torres, University of Northern Colorado
  240. Phuong Minh Tran, Purdue University
  241. Kenny Tanemura, Purdue University
  242. Amy E. Dayton, The University of Alabama
  243. Donna LeCourt, University of Massachusetts Amherst
  244. Drew Holladay, University of Maryland, Baltimore County
  245. Sungae Kim, Purdue University
  246. Jared S. Colton, Utah State University
  247. Jason Swarts, North Carolina State University
  248. Regina McManigell Grijalva, Oklahoma City University
  249. Tina M. Iemma, St. John’s University 
  250. Felicita Arzu Carmichael, Oakland University 
  251. Aly Higgins, University of Arizona
  252. Kaydra Bui, Miami University
  253. Bethany Davila, University of New Mexico
  254. Lisa Arnold, North Dakota State University
  255. April Conway, University of Michigan
  256. Chris Manion, The Ohio State University
  257. Sritama Chatterjee, University of Pittsburgh
  258. Keli Tucker, University of Wisconsin-Madison 
  259. Annette Vee, University of Pittsburgh
  260. Lauren Rosenberg, University of Texas El Paso
  261. Amanda Fields, Central Connecticut State University
  262. Joyce Meier, Michigan State University
  263. Dan Melzer, University of California, Davis
  264. Karrieann Soto Vega, University of Kentucky
  265. Bethany Monea, University of Pennsylvania
  266. Melissa Stone, North Carolina State University
  267. Carrie Leverenz, TCU
  268. Shakil Rabbi, Bowie State University
  269. Don Unger, University of Mississippi
  270. Tessa Brown, Stanford University
  271. Kristin Prins, Cal Poly Pomona
  272. Kelin Loe, University of Massachusetts Amherst
  273. Shui-yin Sharon Yam, University of Kentucky
  274. Logan Middleton, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
  275. Catherine Prendergast, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
  276. Aparajita De, University of the District of Columbia
  277. Kaitlyn Millen, University of Northern Colorado
  278. Cherie Ann Turpin, University of the District of Columbia
  279. Analeigh Horton, University of Arizona
  280. Lesley Owens, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
  281. Neisha-Anne Green, American University
  282. Erica M. Stone, Texas Tech University
  283. Daniel P. Richards, Old Dominion University
  284. Celena Todora, University of Pittsburgh
  285. Annie Mendenhall, Georgia Southern University
  286. Laura Tetreault, University at Albany, SUNY
  287. Evelyn Dsouza, University of Minnesota
  288. Adrienne Jones Daly, University of Rhode Island
  289. Anna Zeemont, CUNY Graduate Center
  290. Michelle Grue, University of California, Santa Barbara
  291. monét cooper, University of Michigan 
  292. Alexander Champoux-Crowley, University of Minnesota
  293. Chowaing Chagra Belekeh,  University of Texas, El Paso. 
  294. Katie Silvester, Indiana University
  295. Xiaobo Wang, Sam Houston State University
  296. Jessica Jorgenson Borchert, Pittsburg State University
  297. Cheryl Price-McKell, Arizona State University
  298. Evin Groundwater, University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign
  299. Krista Speicher Sarraf, Indiana University of Pennsylvania
  300. Lacy Hope, Washington State University 
  301. Eduardo J. Mabilog, Nevada State College
  302. Richard Johnson-Sheehan, Purdue University
  303. Rachel Dortin, Wayne State University
  304. Rachel Bloom-Pojar, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee
  305. Charlotte Kupsh, University of Nebraska-Lincoln
  306. Sherita V. Roundtree, Towson University
  307. Keith Lloyd, Kent State University Stark
  308. Steven Alvarez, St. John’s University
  309. Ashley Rea, Penn State University
  310. Suresh Lohani, The University of Texas at El Paso
  311. Jonathan L. Bradshaw, Western Carolina University
  312. Hui Wu, University of Texas at Tyler
  313. Xiaoye You, Pennsylvania State University
  314. Damián Baca, University of Arizona
  315. James Hammond, University of Michigan
  316. Jonathan Nehls, University of Texas at El Paso
  317. Anna Floch Arcello, University of Massachusetts Amherst
  318. Rachael Shah, University of Nebraska-Lincoln
  319. Zachary Dwyer, Ball State Universities 
  320. Nancy Small, University of Wyoming
  321. Glenn Hutchinson, Florida International University
  322. Naomi Silver, University of Michigan
  323. Joseph Bartolotta, Hofstra University
  324. Laxmi Prasad Ojha, Minnesota State University
  325. Sarah Warren-Riley, University of Texas Rio Grande Valley
  326. Tarez Graban, Florida State University (Non-Western/Global Rhetorics SIG)
  327. Elena Kalodner-Martin, University of Massachusetts Amherst 
  328. Matthew V. Jacobson, University of Oklahoma
  329. Sara DiCaglio, Texas A&M University
  330. Ellen Cecil-Lemkin, Florida State University
  331. Jax Kinniburgh, Miami University
  332. Misty D. Fuller, Louisiana State University 
  333. Ashley Bradley, University of Michigan 
  334. Joanna Chromik, Indiana University
  335. Beau Pihlaja, Texas Tech University
  336. Emily Ramser, Texas Woman’s University
  337. Shannon Baughman, Texas Woman’s University
  338. Shannon Simmons, Texas Woman’s University 
  339. Salena Parker, Texas Woman’s University
  340. Andrea Olinger, University of Louisville
  341. Zaynab Wazeer, Texas Woman’s University
  342. Philip Choong, Indiana University
  343. Thir B. Budhathoki, University of Arizona
  344. Caitlyn McKay, Ball State University
  345. Tina Puntasecca, Michigan State University
  346. Paul Feigenbaum, Florida International University
  347. Iris D. Ruiz, UC Merced 
  348. Ashley Canter, University of Massachusetts Amherst 
  349. Sarah Ruffing Robbins, TCU
  350. Ruby Pappoe, University of Texas at El Paso
  351. Lee Nickoson, Bowling Green State University
  352. Elizabeth L. Angeli, Marquette University
  353. Sweetland Digital Rhetoric Collaborative
  354. Simone Sessolo, University of Michigan
  355. Brian Urias, Bowling Green State University
  356. Mya Poe, Northeastern University
  357. Jesse Rice-Evans, CUNY Graduate Center
  358. Xuan Jiang, Florida International University
  359. Katlynne Davis, University of Minnesota 
  360. Maryana Boatenreiter, University of Colorado Boulder 
  361. Heather Falconer, Curry College
  362. Vani Kannan, Lehman College, CUNY
  363. Jason Custer, Minnesota State University Moorhead
  364. Luke Shackelford, University of Minnesota
  365. Emily Gresbrink, University of Minnesota
  366. Madeleine Yount, Boise State University
  367. Qianqian Zhang-Wu, Northeastern University
  368. Mark McBeth, John Jay College of Criminal Justice & The Graduate Center/CUNY
  369. Carlos Hernandez, The University of Texas at El Paso
  370. Bethany Meadows, Ball State University
  371. Sean Kamperman, Valparaiso University
  372. Yebing Zhao, Miami University 
  373. Rich Shivener, York University
  374. Bri Lafond, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
  375. Terese Guinsatao Monberg, Michigan State University
  376. Aleashia Walton Valentin, University of Cincinnati
  377. Laura Rosche, Indiana University
  378. Asian / Asian American Caucus 
  379. LuMing Mao, University of Utah
  380. Haivan Hoang, University of Massachusetts Amherst
  381. Sarah Gunning, Towson University
  382. Isabel Baca, The University of Texas at El Paso
  383. Maria Prikhodko, DePaul University (Non-Western Rhetoric SIG)
  384. Paula Mathieu, Boston College
  385. Madhav Kafle, Rutgers University
  386. Ann Shivers-McNair, University of Arizona
  387. Eliza Gellis, Purdue University